Walk across Schenley Drive towards the Carnegie Institute. Observe
the C.L. Magee Memorial (1908) with a bronze bas-relief by
August Saint-Gaudens, a renowned American sculptor. The girl's figure
called "Charity" or "Abundance" holds a beautiful
*10. Carnegie Institute
you walk along the Schenley Plaza side of Carnegie Institute (600'
length) you begin to have an appreciation for how this massive building
has been modified over time. Built by Longfellow, Alden & Harlow
in 1895, a major addition in 1907 and an art gallery in 1998 has
made the length along Forbes Avenue grow to 800' (covering a total
of 8 acres).
you face the Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh entrance, read
the motto "Free To The People" which endeared Andrew Carnegie
to every community (world-wide) where he donated libraries. If you
return to the Library on another occasion, be sure to obtain a Library
Card for your younger family members. A library card is free to
residents of Allegheny County. A parent must sign the application
for a child and it's necessary to bring proof of address (a letter
with name and mailing address will do). If you have time, stop in
and take use our Carnegie Library
of Pittsburgh Scavenger Hunt to get acquainted with this terrific
immense Institute building is actually a multi-purpose complex of
library, lecture hall, music hall, natural science museum and art
museum. The outside building surface has recently been cleaned.
A small section of wall (can you locate the corner?) has been permitted
to remain "black" on purpose to illustrate the challenge
to conservators / preservationists to restore the stone's beauty
and cleanliness. Take note of the authors (24) and also names of
men prominent in science, art and music that adorn a top border
of the building. Can you find all the names that have a "V"
substituted for a "U" (example "Copernicvs")?
building then, as now, forms a hub for many of the cultural pursuits
that go on in Oakland: concerts, lectures, exhibits, research. It's
hard to imagine, but at one time the "Sunday Blue Laws"
prompted conservative Pittsburgh matrons to "picket" against
the Sunday afternoon concerts here at the Music Hall.
11. Diplodocus carnegii
you approach Forbes Avenue, Oakland's newest inhabitant, a fiberglass
statue of Diplodocus carnegii, is a sure-fire hit with children.
In 1898, Carnegie read about the discovery in Wyoming of dinosaur
bones that seemed to captivate the world. He vowed to finance and
bring to Pittsburgh the world's greatest collection of dinosaur
fossils. We are the fortunate benefactors of his zeal. Because of
his financial backing, one of the newly discovered dinosaurs was
named in his honor. Next to Diplodocus is a flagpole with a 4-sided
base. On the base are medallion tributes to: Pre-historic Drawing,
Music, Speech and Construction.
to explain to younger members of your party, the importance to the
music world of Stephen C. Foster, Pittsburgh's most well known composer.
The statue of Foster by a formidable sculptor Brenner (who
sculpted the Lincoln penny) includes another folk hero, an African-American
banjo player. The melodies and songs composed by Foster traveled
the world quickly in the 19th century because of sailors on fast
moving clipper ships. In spite of tremendous popularity, Foster
died penniless in New York City.
12. Cathedral of Learning*
next to the Foster statue and give careful scrutiny to the mighty
axis of the Civic Center, the University of Pittsburgh's Cathedral
of Learning. In 1921, a new university chancellor, J.G. Bowman,
declared he had a vision. The college campus had been slated to
be on a hill (or "Acropolis" as in Greece) overlooking
Oakland. Instead, Bowman selected a 14-acre tract in the center
of Oakland for his new building. In 1925 he announced his choice:
an attention-getting 535' tower to be financed by wealthy donors
as well as with dimes collected by school children. Bowman was a
persuasive leader and even though the Great Depression intervened,
the Cathedral of Learning, designed by Chs. Klauder, Philadelphia,
was finally finished (1926-37).
Be sure to return to the Pitt Campus for one of the most popular
tourist attractions in Oakland: a tour of the 26 Nationality
Classrooms (on the first and third floors of the Cathedral).
Especially popular are the festive holiday room decorations (December
to mid-January). The Commons Room is awe-inspiring with beautiful
columns, stone tracery, and fanciful wrought iron details. When
you visit the Nationality Rooms try our Nationality
Rooms Symbol Search!
to the Cathedral of Learning is the Stephen Foster Memorial.
It has a small museum in a polygon shaped addition. A library, theater
and social hall are also included.
13. Heinz Chapel *
to the east (right) of the Cathedral, and discover Heinz Chapel,
1938 also designed by Klauder. The Heinz family chose to honor H.J.
Heinz and his mother with a "great space" for worship,
meditation, musical concerts and weddings. If possible, come back
to visit the Chapel by daylight to see a startling blue light illuminate
a truly spectacular interior space. The transept windows (73' high)
containing brilliant colors, are the masterpiece of C. Connick Studios
(Pittsburgh/Boston). During the school year there is a Sunday evening
Vesper service that will remind you of "another century"
and "another place" (medieval France).
14. St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Cathedral*
looking at the Pitt Campus, center of Oakland, cross Forbes Avenue,
turn right and walk one block. Look to your left on Dithridge Street
and you will see St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Cathedral (since
1923; built in 1904 as the 1st Congregational Church). Study the
Grecian Ionic columns, clear examples of the components of a column:
base, shaft and capital; also the pediment (triangle shaped section
under the roof) has dentil details (small block shapes which look
like "teeth"). This church has a Food Festival every spring
that is well-worth visiting (try to tour the church interior afterward).
to Craig Street>>>
Institute was barely finished before they started adding on to
it! The top postcard is from 1906, the bottom from 1915 after
the towers were removed. (Collection of Susan Donley)
Library of Pittsburgh today
Carnegie Music Hall and Museum with "Dippy" the dinosaur
in the foreground
Stephen Foster Memorial in front of the Cathedral of Learning
Commons of the Cathedral of Learning and the Ukrainan Nationality