Jan 03 2014

Staying Warm

Published by at 7:00 am under Bird Anatomy,Tenth Page

Black-capped chickadee, common raven (photos from Wikimedia Commons and Shutterstock)

On this very cold morning everyone’s working hard to stay warm but some have an easier time than others.  Who loses heat faster, the chickadee or the raven?

Just like us, birds burn calories no matter what they’re doing.  However, birds have higher metabolic rates than mammals and require more calories for everything they do.  Any activity, from sleeping on an empty stomach to a burst of rapid flight, burns more energy than in vertebrates of a similar size.

Small birds have higher metabolic rates than large ones because of the relationship of surface to volume.  Heat dissipates from the surface of an object so the more surface there is, the greater the heat loss.  So, yes, the chickadee loses heat faster than the raven.  That’s why northern animals are often larger-bodied than those who live in warmer climates.  Even among chickadees the black-caps in Maine are noticeably larger than the chickadees in Pittsburgh.

To stay warm the chickadees will look fatter today because they’ll fluff their feathers to raise the loft of their down coats.  They’ll also cover their legs to reduce heat loss and they will eat — a lot! — to replace the calories they’re rapidly burning.

“Eat like a bird?”  Today all birds, and especially the little ones, are chowing down to stay alive.

 

(photo of Carolina chickadee from Wikimedia Commons. photo of raven from Shutterstock. Today’s Tenth Page is inspired by page 150 of Ornithology by Frank B. Gill.)

5 responses so far

5 Responses to “Staying Warm”

  1. carol kyrimedon 03 Jan 2014 at 10:45 am

    Didn’t know where to post this but thought this might interest you. Washington observer reporter has a picture today of a snowey owl taken in Cecil townsh. I didn’t know they came this far south. Is this unusual?

  2. Kate St. Johnon 03 Jan 2014 at 11:00 am

    This year the snowy owls are coming south in such large numbers that they have gone as far south as Florida.

  3. carol kyrimedon 03 Jan 2014 at 12:16 pm

    That’s incredible. I heard about them and falcons fighting in Erie but florida. Do you have any guesses why?

  4. Kate St. Johnon 03 Jan 2014 at 12:23 pm

    I think the snowy owls have made it to Florida because there are just so many of them this year… but who knows?

  5. carol kyrimedon 03 Jan 2014 at 12:42 pm

    Thanks Kate. Glad you are there to talk to.

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