Nov 27 2011

Epiphyte

Published by at 6:00 am under Plants


“Upon plant”

That’s what epiphyte means in Greek (epi=upon, phyte=plant) and that’s what an epiphyte is:  a plant upon a plant.

I never thought about this word until I saw some interesting epiphytes in the forest while visiting my family in southeastern Virginia.

True epiphytes are sometimes called air plants because they collect their water and nutrients from rainfall, mist, dust and the surrounding air.  Though they’re held aloft by a host plant they aren’t parasites and never directly harm their host.

As proof, here’s a photo of epiphytes growing on telephone wires in Bolivia.

I’ve seen this in Florida too.  I’m sure it annoys the phone company.

We normally think of epiphytes as tropical plants like the red orchid pictured above, but all kinds of plants-upon-plants grow wherever there’s enough humidity or rainfall and clean air.

Mosses, lichens and ferns are the epiphytes I usually see in Pennsylvania.  They seem almost boring because I’m so used to them.

Do you have interesting epiphytes where you live?

(photos via Wikimedia Commons.  Click on each photo to see the originals)

2 responses so far

2 Responses to “Epiphyte”

  1. Marcy Con 27 Nov 2011 at 2:40 pm

    They might look boring until you look REALLY close…our trees are getting more covered with lichens…love the British Soldiers which you don’t find too often. Think they are pretty cool looking.

  2. Ramona sahnion 01 Dec 2011 at 7:48 pm

    Is it true that lichens grow where the air quality is good?

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